When we are new to writing, and are in the process of preparing to ﬁnd a publisher, or
publish our own book, each of us has some unique challenges.
Let’s assume we have done much in the way of the basics. We have taken courses, we
understand how important the premise, the antagonists and the protagonist are, and
we’re proud we’ve got a basic story outline prepared. We feel we have a viable novel,
with interesting characters, and so we are ready to write.
Thus begins the ﬁrst ten percent of the growth of our novel. Ten Percent? Who said
that? What does it mean? I’ve written 400 pages and you call that ten percent?
It’s true. Our ﬁrst draft is just ten percent of the job. The real work begins with the
editing. This means the editing that occurs even before we send our manuscript for ﬁnal
Whether you travel the traditional publishing route or simply self-publish, the same amount
of editing/work is required.
A publisher invests a great deal of money in each book they launch into the market.
They spend thousands of dollars on the interior design/formatting of your book, for both
print and digital versions. Then there is cost of the cover, including artwork,
photography, the speciﬁc design, and the person who brings this all together to create a
selling cover. Add to that ﬁgure, bookmarks, book trailers, press releases, book fairs and
some basic internet marketing.
What you may not realize is that these are exactly the same things on which you will
have to spend money, when you self publish.
I hope this emphasizes the importance of having a manuscript that is well written, well
edited, and as free from mistakes as possible, before you submit to your publisher, or
before you self publish.
Let’s assume you have that ﬁne premise, those well rounded characters, an exciting or
entertaining plot, and a book that ﬂows well. Where many new authors trip up is assuming that this is
sufﬁcient. It’s not. A publisher will be looking for well-crafted work before they are ready to plunk down big
If you are self publishing, and you don’t prepare your book to the same standard as a
publisher expects, you may get initial sales. However, will you get recommendations
and good reviews so that others will be motivated to purchase your book?
What are these things that trip us up? Glad you asked. The ‘uh-oh’ signs of an
inexperienced writer are:
• Sloppy punctuation--using too many or too few commas, exclamation points by the score, and a boatload of ellipsis and m-dashes
• Too many font changes and an overload of italics
• Misspelled words
• Poor grammar in the narrative (It is OK to use poor grammar in dialogue if this is
indicative of someone’s character)
• Dialogue that is too formal (unless it is also part of character trait)
• Too much telling and not enough showing
• Use of too many inactive verbs
• A plethora of dialogue tags and the addition of the dreaded ‘Tom Swifties,’ For those
too young to remember Tom Swifties, an example would be: “Hurry up,” Tom said
swiftly, or “I hate you,” Tom said angrily, etc.
The simpler and cleaner your book, the more likely the reader will become involved,
enjoy it, and recommend it to others.
I know that if people buy my book, are happy with the reading of it, and recommend it to
others, my ﬁrst ten percent, and my labor-intensive ninety percent are absolutely worth
About the Contributing Author
Marilyn Kleiber is the author of Short Tales from a Tall Person, which was published by Sun Dragon Press.